Dark chocolate I mean Cocoa with the least amount of sugar or no sugar is a very healthful product.
Flavonols are present in other plant-based food
Source Flavanol Content, mg/kg or mg/L
Green tea 100–800
Black tea 60–500
Red wine 80–300
Cocoa do have pleiotropic properties in CVD
For PAD patients
1/ quit smoking is the first and the most powerful advice to follow in PAD
2/ all dark choc are not equal. Patients should be educated about ingredients and patients D2 or with MS should only choose choc without sugar.
3/ In no way dark choc could be compared with exercise. Exercise is the treatment of PAD. Anti-platelet, statins and anti-hypertensive drugs are the second pillar.