It seems that a new model of prediction is more effficient than the older ones. And it's very simple it's body shape...
ABSI is a body shape index
WC is waist circumference in meters
BMI is body mass index in kg
Height in meters.
"High ABSI may correspond to a greater fraction of visceral (abdominal) fat compared to peripheral tissue.
The World Health Organization ranks overweight and obesity as the
fifth leading cause of death, behind high blood pressure, tobacco use,
high blood glucose, and physical inactivity, and according to the
organization, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is more than 50%
of adult populations in high- and middle-income countries. The
researchers cite National Institute of Health guidelines that put
overweight and obesity as the second leading cause of preventable
death in the United States, behind tobacco use."
"Body shape, as measured by ABSI, appears to be a substantial risk
factor for premature mortality in the general population derivable
from basic clinical measurements. ABSI expresses the excess risk from
high WC in a convenient form that is complementary to BMI and to other
known risk factors."
For sure it is less expensive and more efficient to measure these parameters than biological data about cholesterol and its subfractions.